Data that is collected, produced, and reported must be fit for purpose. It is less costly to maintain timely, accurate data and then share it, than it is to maintain duplicative data in multiple locations or processes. Wide access to data leads to efficiency and effectiveness in decision-making, and affords timely response to information requests. When you subscribe, you will automatically receive access to all updates published during your subscription period, as well as access to recent past editions, with changes between editions highlighted for ease of reference. . This reorganization is meant to harmonize, simplify and reduce the content while keeping it current.
Accurate, timely data is critical to accurate, timely decisions. About the only headache with that was keeping the panels from cracking during lifting and handling, but we managed well enough. Join your peers on the Internet's largest technical engineering professional community. Data is no different and must be treated like other physical assets. You could expect that that would create some real inconsistences from state to state, even just in terms of the design loading. There's a good article in the September issue of Modern Steel Construction about the major changes.
When data is appropriately handled it can have a long life with many uses beyond its original one, and serve projects as yet unplanned. They provide us all a uniform footing. Transportation agencies at all levels of government federal to state to local hold a wealth of diverse data sets, but it is often stored in different databases that are incompatible with each other or difficult to find. Timely access to accurate data is essential to improving the quality and efficiency of decision-making. These specifications cover the design, evaluation, and rehabilitation of highway bridges. Making data electronically available will result in increased efficiency when existing data entities can be re-used. Standards are issued for design, construction of highways and bridges, materials, and many other technical areas.
Where large programs, investments, or systems are being developed and vetted, those data must be fit for that purpose. Data quality increases as the application of the data increases. Primarily used with cast-in-place anchors, as it may be difficult to locate the reinforcement for a post-installed anchor, proper reinforcing can be an effective way to make sure that concrete breakout is not a limiting failure mode. To maximize the design strength, the engineer can consider additional reinforcement to preclude the concrete breakout failure mode entirely and replace this with the design strength of the anchor reinforcement. Accessible data will ultimately reduce burden on staff time as data becomes more accessible.
In cases where a rough sketch is appropriate, appropriate data collection and use may follow. Principle 2: Data is open, accessible, transparent, and shared Rationale— The value of data is increased when it can be used with other data and in a variety of applications. Cast-in-place and post-installed anchor systems have been used extensively in highway construction projects for many years for applications such as bridge girder connections, seismic retro-fit and strengthening, precast concrete member attachments, and attachments of light poles, signs, guard rails, and pedestrian fencing. This is based on a recommendation for a 100-year sustained load at 70° F or 20 years at 110° F. Except for the adjustment to the sustained load-reduction factor from 0. Implications— When data is secure and appropriately regulated there is greater trust and confidence in its use. If you can switch to such a system on your project it might pay dividends.
Furthermore, it is increasingly being used externally by citizens and customers to inform their personal decisions, and by stakeholders to assess the aggregate performance of a transportation organization. Provisions are not included for bridges used solely for railway, rail-transit, or public utilities. The decision makers, managers, and the technical staff responsible for developing and sustaining the information environment need to come together as a team to jointly define the goals and objectives of the data collection processes. Commonality may take the form of relations, bridges and crosswalks between definitions Implications— A common vocabulary will facilitate communications, enable dialogue to be effective and facilitate interoperability of systems, however, utility must not be compromised. However, data must not be compromised below the use of its original purpose.
Cast-in-place, undercut and expansion anchors do not need to consider bond strength. In addition to published technical data available from third-party evaluation services, most post-installed anchor manufacturers will provide software for their anchor products with the data taken directly from the evaluation reports. Its primary goal is to foster the development, operation, and maintenance of an integrated national transportation system. That is, of sufficient accuracy and integrity proportional to its use and cost of collection and maintenance. When data assets can be analyzed in a spatial context, not only can a greater analysis be completed in terms of geographic context, but also the data and any analysis results can be more easily communicated via mapping and other formats more applicable to public understanding.
The factors have been developed from the theory of reliability based on current statistical knowledge of loads and structural performance. For example, if you have a load combination that includes dead, live and wind loads, but only the dead load and live load are long-term sustained loads will remain constantly loads over the service life of the anchor and the wind load is only a short-term load, Nua,s only needs to consider the dead and live load for this sustained load check. The other major revision to Section 5 is the new article 13 which deals with the design of cast-in-place and post-installed anchors in concrete. Using data must be considered from an enterprise perspective across the organizations or across multiple organizations to allow access by a wide variety of users. It also goes against a policy of sustainability in the use of data and the infrastructure resources required to maintain the data, such as computer servers and data warehouses. Revisions from the 3rd edition of this title include a complete revision of Section 3, Temporary Works, and changes to Section 10, Prestressing; Section 11, Steel Structures; Section 19, Bridge Deck Joint Seals; and Section 27, Concrete Culverts. When possible, data should be spatially oriented.
The document provides guidance to engineers and designers who strive to make unique design solutions that meet the needs of all highway and street. The association's Committee on Bridges and Structures, and its technical sections, approved this eighth edition. Insights often come from bringing fresh eyes to data. However, there are third-party evaluation services that have published evaluation reports for post-installed anchors for many years. No other adjustments to the design are needed. Users must have access to the data critical to their duties and functions.